Directory of Map Projections

What is a projection?

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Hufnagel I




Meridians: Central meridian is a straight line half as long as the equator. Meridians 90°E and W. Of the central meridian form a circle. Others are equally spaced semiellipses intersecting at the poles and concave toward the central meridian.
Parallels: Unequally spaced straight parallel lines, farthest apart near the equator; spacing changes gradually. Perpendicular to the central meridian.
Poles: Points.
Symmetry: About the central meridian or the equator.


For educational purposes, it has been shown in various aspects as examples of normal, transverse, and oblique aspects of almost any pseudocylindric projection. The transverse aspect has also been used by John Bartholomew in The Times Atlas in England in 1958.


True along latitudes 40°44′N and S.
Constant along any given latitude; same for the latitude of opposite sign.


Severe near outer meridians at high latitudes but can be substantially reduced if interrupted with several central meridians. Free of distortion only at latitudes 40°44′N and S. On the central meridian.


Occasional world maps, especially thematic maps. Combined with sinusoidal projection to develop other projections such as the Goode Homolosine and the Boggs.

Similar projections

Goode Homolosine (Mollweide merged with sinusoidal).
Boggs eumorphic (Mollweide averaged with sinusoidal).
Bromley, by Robert H. Bromley in 1965 (Mollweide compressed from north to south with east-west expansion to achieve no distortion along the equator).
Hyperelliptical, by Waldo R. Tobler in 1973 (equal-area pseudocylindric having “hyperelliptical” meridians that lie between the Mollweide ellipses and a circumscribed rectangle).


Presented by Carl B. Mollweide (1774-1825) of Germany in 1805.

Description adapted from J.P. Snyder and P.M. Voxland, An Album of Map Projections, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1453. United States Government Printing Office: 1989.