Geocart Projections

What is a projection?

Previous | Next



Modified azimuthal
Equal area


Meridians: Central meridian is a straight line 0.46 of the length of the Equator. Other meridians are curved, unequally spaced along the Equator and concave toward the central meridian.
Parallels: Equator is straight. Other parallels are curved, unequally spaced along the central meridian and concave toward the nearest pole.
Poles: Points
Symmetry: About the central meridian or the Equator


Decreases steadily along the Equator and the central meridian with distance from the center of the projection


Moderate near center, but considerable shape distortion near outer meridians

Other features

An equatorial aspect of the Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection for 90° of longitude, on which the horizontal coordinates have been quadrupled and the meridians have been given four times their original longitudes


Whole-world map


Max Eckert-Greifendorff (formerly Max Eckert) (1868-1938) of Germany in 1935

Similar projections

Hammer, a different modification of the Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area projection
Quartic Authalic has straight parallels.

Description adapted from J.P. Snyder and P.M. Voxland, An Album of Map Projections, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1453. United States Government Printing Office: 1989.