Directory of Map Projections

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Oblique aspect of Hammer projection, centered at 45°N, 10°E, and scaled to different proportions.


Meridians: Central meridian is straight. Other meridians are complex curves.
Parallels: Complex curves.
Poles: Points.
Symmetry: About the central meridian.


True scale at latitudes 3.6° and 86.4°N at central meridian.


None at latitudes 3.6° and 86.4°N at central meridian.

Other features

An oblique Hammer projection centered at latitude 45°N and longitude 10°E and bounded by an ellipse having an axis ratio of 1.75 to 1 instead of 2 to 1, after the vertical coordinates are expanded and the horizontal coordinates are contracted.


Whole-world maps showing continents grouped near the center.

Similar projections

Hammer (Elliptical), the normal aspect of the Briesemeister, but having an axis ratio of 2 to 1.
Nordic, by John Bartholomew, is the same as the Briesemeister projection, except that the axis ratio is 2 to 1 and the central meridian is 0°.


Presented by William A. Briesemeister of the American Geographical Society in 1953.

Description adapted from J.P. Snyder and P.M. Voxland, An Album of Map Projections, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1453. United States Government Printing Office: 1989.